Istanbul History - Istanbul Travel Guide

The introduction of Istanbul, which is one of the oldest cities of world, has been presented in a historical perspective in order to enable you learn more about Istanbul.

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Istanbul, the World Capital...

History: The site of Istanbul was ruled first by Mycenae (1400 BC),then Firigians and then Chalcedons who were a Greek people that settled in Kadikoy.The people of Megara that hadlived in this area since 800 BC established the first colonial city settlement under the leader, the Byzantine Empire in Sarayburnu. The people of Magara who were ruled by various tribes were included in the Byzantine Empire in 64 BC with the name Byzantion. The Empire, Septimius Severus, started the building of the Coliseum which was going to be a characteristic of the city later on in 189 BC in the city which he previously had turned into a wreck. However, he could not complete this construction.The Hippodrome, At Meydani ( the Horse Area)as named by the Ottoman people, was thus established. Empire Constantine completed the construction of the Hippodrome as he almost recreated the city in the middle of the 4 century AC. Although the city was officially named as the "New Rome" in this period, the name Constantinople was widely used. The first city walls surrounded the district of Eminonu and they took their final shape when they expanded to the west as a result of the expansion of the city during the rulership of Empire Theodosius in the 5 th century. While the palace of the empire and goverment offices took place around the ranked officials governing the state settled in districts around the palace.Military garrions were located at the western side of the city and the area that starts from Sarayburnu in the Golden Horn and stretches to Unkapani was established as the port area. " Forums" which were bazaars that stretched from the government area to inside the city and the road names as "Messe" were also established during the period.The Ottoman people maintained this tradition and named this road as Divanyolu (the Council Toad).Constantinus II opened Hagia Sophia, a work of art and an inheritance of the world, in the year 360.
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