Eastern Turkey Package

Trabzon is one of such rare cities both in Turkey and in the world. The history of the city, which was first founded on top of a height between Zaganos and Tabakhane valleys, can easily be seen in its walls – first built by the founders of the city and later extended by the Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans by new annexes and restorations – monasteries, mosques, bridges and tombs.Erzurum is a city in eastern Turkey. It is the largest city and the eponymous capital of Erzurum Province. The city is situated 1757 meters (5766 feet) above sea level. Erzurum had a population of 361,235 in the 2000 census, increasing to 367,250 by 2010. Erzurum, known as "The Rock" in NATO code, served as NATO's southeastern-most air force post during the Cold War. The city uses the double-headed Anatolian Seljuk Eagle as its coat-of-arms, a motif based on the double-headed Byzantine Eagle that was a common symbol throughout Anatolia and the Balkans in the medieval period.Erzurum has some of the finest winter sports facilities in Turkey and hosted the 2011 Winter Universiade.Kars in the northeastern corner of the country, over a high plateau. The province, famous in Turkish history, lies at the foot of a magnificent fortress, the Kars Kalesi from the 12thcentury. This castle constructed by the Seljuks, was later restored in the 19th- century, and it affords a wonderful view of the land below. Nearby is an old cathedral which was subsequently used as a church, named as the Havariler Museum (the Church of the Apostles) where some relief of the Apostles can be seen.Gaziantep is the city in southeastern Anatolia and it is the sixth largest city in Turkey. Its population, economical situation, tourism potential, and Greater Municipality make the city metropolitan. It connects Southeast Anatolia to the West with highways and railways at it is the center of them and as its airport has become international, the flow of goods, services and visitors has increased. 1/4 of its land area consists of fertile areas, and some part of which have been irrigated by the Euphrates River. In these area of Gaziantep industries whose economical value is very high include pistachio nuts, olives, cooton, grapes, red peppers, flax, lentils, and cereal grains like wheat and barley.Gaziantep is the gateway of GAP geograpically, and with its industry, the trade volume has helped to develop GAP. Economically it effects 18 other cities.Gaziantep is one of the oldest centers that reflects the culture of human societies. Its history goes back to 4000 B. C.Gaziantep is a war-veteran cith in which you can relive the past and the present through its historical, touristic and natural beauties, memories of the Independence War and Antep Defence, high plateaus, plains, ruins delicious meals, unique handicrafts, mosques, tombs, Muslim Theological Schools, Antep Houses, Turkish Baths, and Caravansaray.

Departure: Istanbul or Trabzon

Duration:12 Days

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DAY 1 - Trabzon (D)
Arrive Trabzon. Visit to the 14th century Byzantine church of Hagia Sofia overlooking the Black Sea before proceeding to the cliff side monastery of the Virgin Mary at Sumela in the Altindere national park. From Sumela we drive along the coast of the Black Sea to Hopa on the Georgian border where we will spend the night.

DAY 2 - Trabzon - Erzurum (B, D)
We depart Hopa for Erzurum via Artvin, Ishan and the spectacular Georgian Valleys. Overnight in Erzurum.

DAY 3 - Erzurum - Kars (B, D)
Sightseeing in Erzurum before departing for Kars via the Aras River valley and the First World War battlefield site of Sarakimis. After arriving at Kars we will continue to visit the ancient Armenian city of Ani on the Arpacay River. Overnight in Kars.

DAY 4 - Kars - Dogubeyazit - Van (B, D)
On to Dogubeyazit and passed the Biblical mountain of Ararat to visit the Ishak Pasha Saray and then on to the city of Van where we will spend the night. Overnight in Van.

DAY 5 - Van (B, D)
Sightseeing in the Van region including a visit to the 17th century fortress of Hosap, sitting astride the ancient Silk Road into Persia and the Orient. In the afternoon we will visit the island of Akdamar in Lake Van to visit the 10th century Church of the Holy Cross. Overnight in Van.

DAY 6 - Van - Tatvan (B, D)
Depart Van along the southern shore of Lake Van for Tatvan and then to visit the great Volcano Crater of Nemrut and the Seljuk monuments of Ahlat. Overnight in Tatvan. Overnight in Tatvan.

DAY 7 - Tatvan - Mardin (B, D)
We continue to Bitlis, down the Bitlis Gorge and onto Hasankeyf on the River Tigris before proceeding to Mardin. Overnight in Mardin.

DAY 8 - Mardin - Kahta (B, D)
After breakfast we will visit the ancient Saffron Monastery, an important religious site for Syriac Christians. From Mardin we carry on to visit the ancient funerary monument at the summit of Mt Nemrut in Adiyaman with a brief stop in Diyarbakir on the way. We will visit the summit of Nemrut for sunset. Overnight in Kahta.

DAY 9 - Nemrut - Urfa (B, D)
From Nemrut we depart for the ancient city of Urfa, the birthplace of the Prophet Abraham. En route, we will stop at the Ataturk Dam, the keystone in the South East Anatolian Project (GAP). Overnight in Urfa.

DAY 10 - Urfa - Gaziantep (B, D)
Harran, Gobekli Tepe, Gaziantep. After breakfast we will visit the ancient town of Harran (mentioned in the Book of Genesis) with its famous “Beehive” houses and then the ongoing archaeological dig at Gobekli Tepe to visit what is considered to be the oldest religious construction yet discovered. From Urfa we carry on to Gaziantep. Overnight in Gaziantep

DAY 11 - Gaziantep (B, D)
In Gaziantep we will visit the stunning mosaic museum which houses a priceless collection of mosaics from the now sunken city of Zeugma. We will visit the citadel and the Old Town of Gaziantep. Overnight in Gaziantep.

DAY 12 - Departure (B)
Breakfast, check-out & transfer to Gaziantep Airport as per your onward flight schedule.
All hotel accommodations in choice of preferred class
All noted city sightseeing tours on regular group OR private guided basis
All tours with professional tour guide, licensed by the Ministry of Tourism
All main entrance fees to sights mentioned by the itinerary
All meals mentioned by the itinerary (B:Breakfast, L:Lunch, D:Dinner) - Vegetarian meals available
All required land transport & round-trip airport transfers with A/C minivans throughout the trip.
All parking fees, road tolls
Local taxes & handling services.
International flights to/from Turkey, internal flight & coach tickets , any tips to guide, driver or staff at hotels, items of a personal nature, hotel extras (minibar, telephone/internet usage, laundry, etc), drinks with meals (except the drinks served with breakfast) and medical services.
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